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The pictures' album of Mamilu

The Forbidden City

Beijing The Forbidden City

We returned a second time in China in 2004 to visit Beijing and the Forbidden City.

The former residence of the emperors of China which have experienced the various dynasties that have reigned the country, has remained intact as it once was in the middle of a capital city, Beijing, completely rebuilt in European style, with modern buildings and many many banks.

Visit the Forbidden City is a trip back in time and a full immersion in that ancient and magical culture.
The Forbidden City, (Gugong) today appears monumental, gigantic, elegant and beautiful but it was even more beautiful, richer and fuller in the past, when it included the Beihai Park and the Hills of Coal, when it had all the old furniture and precious art lost during the looting of the Anglo-British troops before and Chiang Kaishek then.


The halls that you visit today (about 5.5 sq. km.) Are mainly dated to the seventeenth century, because the fires have not ever spared a long, just a spark, a broken lantern, or the warm wind of the Gobi Desert and lightning.

Then there were fires set by eunuchs and ministers who are then enriched in the reconstruction.

There are reports of a lightning strike which reduced the building to ashes in 1559 and the Manchu burn again in 1666, when Beijig invaded and established their dynasty.
It is said that in 1409 Yongli needed one million workers to build the first time about one million square meters of the 880 hall (room 9090 - the number nine was reserved to the emperor) and since then teams of laborers are working on reconstruction, restoration and maintenance.
The Imperial Throne.

The original stone came from quarries near Beijing, and columns, beams and girders have been cut from huge logs laurocanforo from the forests of Yunnan and Sichuan, more than 3300 km away.

The palace is surrounded by a moat 52 meters wide, still full of water, where today you go in the boat, and by walls 12 meters high (no house in Beijing had to overcome in height), 4 towers bloated from the wonderful architecture are posed to the four corners.
All the buildings have roofs made of ceramic yellow, the color reserved for the Emperor, except on the temples that were green, the color reserved for just the Temples.

More important is the pavilion, most remain in an elevated position and there are many statues that adorn the roofs filled.

The  Wumen Gate is the largest of the palace, in solid wood (1421), has two doors, each with 9 rows of 9 studs each, and is surmounted by a central hall and two side by side on the west and east.
The Forbidden City has three axes which run parallel from south to north, the main host side neighborhoods populated by eunuchs, concubines, personal service, kitchens, workshops for maintenance and minor temples.
The throne of theLast  Emperor
From the central pavilion faced the Emperor to fall in a golden basket laws heralds provided to the Ministry of Rites that were copied in many copies as were the many provinces.
Here the officials offered gifts to the Emperor in honor of the new year and the winter solstice and these candidates will receive the State promoted higher (imperial examinations) and the general first appointment.
During the Ming Era, the Great Hall on the left was reserved for the Crown Prince and Small guarded at the time of Qianlong in the 36,500-volume encyclopaedia.
The jung girl will have had up to 7 years and was making a sketch of one of the valuable and ancient statues.

We were impressed at the high level sketch of her and happy for the section of his hand.

 In the Hall of Supreme Harmony is celebrating the great ceremonies such as coronations, weddings and birthday imperial to the sound of music shang composed by the Emperror  Shun (2255 BC) and gained valuable litofoni beating of jade and golden bells (now kept in the treasury Eastern palaces still in the Forbidden City).
 Crossed the door there is a large courtyard where runs from east of the river waters gold jumped by five bridges (the 5 Virtue).

For both sides, doors introduce the main buildings of the two lateral axes. Cross the courtyard, a magnificent pair of bronze lions ago ala the steps. We are on the Supreme Gate of Harmony (a plant on the left of the building allows you to navigate and choose your itinerary). Splendide attic beams in blue, green and gold decorated with dragons and Phoenician. Imposing wood columns in bay-camphor.

Passing through the Gate of Harmony Supreme, was the guest opened the eyes show a paradise, framed in the enormity of a courtyard that housed 100,000 people during the hearings collective.

To the right and left deposits that were imperial full of precious pottery, bronzes, rare furs (ermine, sable, fox), marbles and rare stones, pearls and silk and damask fabrics artistically.

Beijing is now a large modern city and almost nothing  remain of the typical extension of the traditional labyrinth of houses.
bandiera  Popular Repubblic of China
Zhonghua Rénmin Gòngheguó


Area: 9,575,388 Km ²
Population: 1,273,111,000 (estimated 2001)
Density: 133 ab / Km ²

Form of government: People's Republic
Capital: Beijing (6800000 inh., 11,300,000 aggl. Urbano)
Other cities: Shanghai 7,300,000 inhabitants. (13,585,000 aggl. Urbano), Tianjin 9,315,000 inhabitants., Chongqing 7000000 ab., Wuhan 6200000 ab., Canton 5000000 ab., Dalian (Luda) 5,000,000 inhabitants., Mukden 4500. 000 ab., Chengdu 2700000 inh., Harbin 2,600,000 inhabitants., Nanjing 2500000 inh., Tsingtao 2,300,000 inhabitants., Xi'an 2,200,000 inhabitants., Anshan 2,000,000 inhabitants., Kunming 1900 .000 ab., Changchun, Guiyang, Lanzhou, Taiyuan, Tangshan 1,800,000 inhabitants.; Baotou, Chengchow, Fushun, Tsinan 1600000 ab., Jilin, Tsitsihar 1500000 ab., Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangchow, Nanchang, Shijiazhuang 1200000 ab., Changshu, Chaozhou, Dongguan, Fuxian, Haicheng, Handan, Hefei, Huainan, Huzhou, Leshan, Liupanshui, Luoyang, Nanning, Ningbo, Pingxiang, Quzhou, Tai'an, Tatung, Tianshui, Urumqi, Weifang , Yancheng, Yueyang, Zaozhuang, Zhongshan, Zibo 1,000,000 inhabitants.
Ethnic groups: Han Chinese 93%, Mongols, Koreans, Manchu, Zhuang, Hui, Uighur, Yi, Miao, Tibetan, and another 7%
Neighboring countries: Mongolia and Russia to NORD, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to NORTH-WEST, Tajikistan and Afghanistan to the West, Pakistan and India to south-west, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to South, North Korea to EST

Main mountains: Everest 8850 m, 8616 m K2, Lhotse 8516 m, 8463 m Makalu, Cho Oyu 8201 m, 8068 m Gasherbrum I, Broad Peak 8047 m, 8046 m Xixabangma Feng, Gasherbrum II 8035 meters
Main rivers: Chang Jiang (River Blue) 5800 Km, Huang He (Yellow River) 4845 Km, 2129 Km Xi Jiang
Main lakes: Qinghai Hu 4000 Km ², Dongting Hu 3100 Km ², Lop Nur 2500 Km ², Hulun Nur 2400 Km ², Tai Hu 2240 Km ², Poyang Hu 1800 Km ², Hanka 4400 Km ² (total, including Russia)
Main islands: Hainan 33,670 Km ²
Climate: Very different (Himalayan, Polar, Continental, Temperate, Tropical)

Language: Mandarin (official), Yue, Wu, Hakka, Xiang, Gan, Min, Zhuang, Hui, Yi and others
Religion: Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism
Currency: Chinese Yuan

Special Administrative Divisions: Hong Kong (1092 km ², 7,211,000 inhabitants.), Macau (21 km ², 454,000 inhabitants.)

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